Run Time: 7 minutes
Author: Dr. Gregory Burcham
- Colorado has 20+ snake species, one of the poisonous types is the Prairie Rattlesnake.
- Snake venom causes issues with coagulopathy and neurological problems.
- 25% of rattlesnake bites are dry (without poison). This is often the case in adult rattlesnake bites. Baby rattlesnakes will always release venom with their bite.
- If envenomated, the area proximal to the bite will develop swelling, and ecchymosis possibly causing renal failure and rhabdomyolysis.
- The neurotoxin in the venom can cause local paresthesias, fasciculations, a spontaneous metallic taste, and eventually seizures.
- When bitten, do NOT cut the wound or attempt to suck out the poison.
- Treatment for snake bites is CroFab, this is an antibody that binds to the neurotoxin and neutralizes it. CroFab costs a few thousands dollars per vial and each patient may need over ten vials depending on the progression of symptoms.