Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD
- While there are many different types of medical error, one of the most common errors in emergency medicine is failure to diagnose
- Systematic error in thinking that negatively affects judgement
- Medical errors are often driven by cognitive biases, which include anchoring, attribution, and availability
- Anchoring bias occurs when early information leads to premature closure on a single diagnosis. There is subsequent failure to consider alternative diagnoses, even in the face of conflicting new data and test results.
- Attribution bias occurs when assumptions about personal and medical characteristics are made about a specific group of people.
- Availability bias occurs when recent experiences drive providers to over or under consider diagnoses.
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Summarized by Will Dewispelaere, MS4 | Edited by Erik Verzemnieks, MD