Run Time: 3 minutes
Author: Rachael Duncan, PharmD BCPS
- The two most important treatments for burn victims are analgesia and fluids.
- The number one cause of mortality associated with fires is smoke inhalation, causing carbon monoxide poisoning and/or cyanide toxicity.
- Cyanide toxicity changes aerobic metabolism to anaerobic metabolism causing lactic acidosis. In burn patients, the cyanokit or hydroxocobalamin is the anti-toxin for cyanide poisoning and is given to combine with cyanide and produce vitamin B.
- Dosing for cyanokit is 5 grams as a flat dose for every patient that is infused over 15 minutes.
Link to Podcast: http://medicalminute.madewithopinion.com/burn-victims-and-cyanokit/