Podcast # 451: NSAIDs

Author: Don Stader, MD

Educational Pearls:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are effective pain relievers but come with important side effects
  • NSAIDs inhibit COX-1 and/or COX-2, which decreases the production of prostaglandins, which reduce pain and inflammation
  • Side effects of NSAIDS include increased rates myocardial infarction, stroke, and gastrointestinal bleeding, CVA
  • Effective pain reliever doses of many NSAIDs are lower than typically prescribed (i.e. ibuprofen 400 mg is as effective as 800 mg but with less risk of side effects)
  • Topical NSAIDs can be an alternative to reduce systemic effects
  • Selective Cox-2 inhibitors have less GI side effects

Editor note: What is ALTO? It’s alternative to opioids and consists of multi-modal pain control to reduce exposure to opioids. Check out more here and here.

 

References:

Derry S, Wiffen PJ, Kalso EA, Bell RF, Aldington D, Phillips T, Gaskell H, Moore RA. Topical analgesics for acute and chronic pain in adults – an overview of Cochrane Reviews. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 May 12;5:CD008609. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD008609.pub2. Review. PubMed PMID: 28497473.

Coxib and traditional NSAID Trialists’ (CNT) Collaboration., Bhala N, Emberson J, Merhi A, Abramson S, Arber N, Baron JA, Bombardier C, Cannon C, Farkouh ME, FitzGerald GA, Goss P, Halls H, Hawk E, Hawkey C, Hennekens C, Hochberg M, Holland LE, Kearney PM, Laine L, Lanas A, Lance P, Laupacis A, Oates J, Patrono C, Schnitzer TJ, Solomon S, Tugwell P, Wilson K, Wittes J, Baigent C. Vascular and upper gastrointestinal effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: meta-analyses of individual participant data from randomised trials. Lancet. 2013 Aug 31;382(9894):769-79. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)60900-9. Epub 2013 May 30. PubMed PMID: 23726390; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3778977.

Kaufman DW, Kelly JP, Battista DR, Malone MK, Weinstein RB, Shiffman S. Exceeding the daily dosing limit of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs among ibuprofen users. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2018 Mar;27(3):322-331. doi: 10.1002/pds.4391. Epub 2018 Jan 26. PubMed PMID: 29372579.

Summarized by Will Dewispelaere, MS3 | Edited by Erik Verzemnieks, MD

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