Author: Dylan Luyten, MD
- Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is similar to bypass
- ECMO is being utilized routinely at some centers and even prehospital in cardiac arrest
- There are two general types of ECMO:
- Venovenous (VV-ECMO) is useful when the patient cannot oxygenate but has adequate heart function.
- Venoarterial (VA-ECMO) is more like typical bypass and can be used in a pulseless patient
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Tonna JE, Johnson NJ, Greenwood J, Gaieski DF, Shinar Z, Bellezo JM, Becker L, Shah AP, Youngquist ST, Mallin MP, Fair JF 3rd, Gunnerson KJ, Weng C, McKellar S; Extracorporeal REsuscitation ConsorTium (ERECT) Research Group.. Practice characteristics of Emergency Department extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (eCPR) programs in the United States: The current state of the art of Emergency Department extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ED ECMO). Resuscitation. 2016 Oct;107:38-46. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2016.07.237. Epub 2016 Aug 11. PubMed PMID: 27523953; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5475402.
Summary by Travis Barlock, MS4 | Edited by Erik Verzemnieks, MD