Author: Sam Killian, MD
- Hematometra: uterus filled with blood due to obstruction of outflow tract.
- Most commonly a result congenital abnormalities (imperforate hymen, transverse vaginal septum, etc.) but can be acquired due to cervical stenosis, intrauterine adhesions, neoplasms, and post-surgical scarring.
- Symptoms include: pain, abnormal bleeding, enlarged uterus
- Diagnosis: commonly achieved by ultrasound and physical exam.
- Treatment is surgical (cervical dilatation, hysteroscopy, etc.).
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