Podcast #289: Cannabinoid Hyperemesis

Author: Dylan Luyten, M.D.

Educational Pearls

  • Cannabinoid Hyperemesis syndrome is a relatively new diagnosis that presents with vomiting and abdominal pain without a clear etiology in the setting of daily marijuana use.
  • The pathophysiology is not well-understood well, but may involve cannabinoid receptors in the gut.
  • Treatment is abstinence from marijuana, fluids, dextrose, and antiemetics (haldol, ondansetron, etc). Opioids should be avoided.
  • Capsaicin cream on the abdomen may be helpful, as it can distract from the pain and vomiting. Milk can be used to reverse its effects.

References:  Galli JA, Sawaya RA, Friedenberg FK. Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome. Current drug abuse reviews. 2011;4(4):241-249.

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