Podcast #191: Blunt Cervical Trauma

Author: Chris Holmes M.D.

Educational Pearls:

  • Mechanism of injury involves hyperextension/hyperflexion
  • Pathophysiology: inside of the arteries in the neck becomes disrupted, similar to a dissection. This is thrombogenic and leads to cerebral infarction
  • Neurologic deficit is common.
  • Other risk factors include facial fracture and cervical-spine fracture.
  • Treat with anticoagulation – aspirin or other antiplatelet agents are appropriate.
  • Increase clinical suspicion when patient presents with neurological deficit and has a negative CT.

References: https://www.east.org/education/practice-management-guidelines/blunt-cerebrovascular-injury

 

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