Episode Archives - Page 4 of 98 - The Emergency Medical Minute

Episode Archives

COVID-19 Digest: Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) Vaccine for Treating COVID-19

Host: Elizabeth Esty, MD In the US, few people receive vaccination for tuberculosis (TB), a disease that hasn’t been a major killer here for many decades.  But while we in the US mostly experience TB as a relatively rare but real threat in its multidrug resistant form, particularly in patients with HIV–or in Victorian novels–TB…

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Podcast 560: Imaging in a COVID world

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: COVID-19 commonly appears as a bilateral patchy infiltrate on chest radiograph, but this is a non-specific finding  Sensitivities range from 17-70% for COVID-19 Many other viral pneumonias such as RSV and influenza can have similar findings Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) demonstrates B-lines, water-fall sign, or hepatization of the lung, but…

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Mental Health Monthly #3: Maintaining Mental Health and Wellness for Healthcare Professionals

In this timely installment of Mental Health Monthly, mental health expert Lexi Eliades shares useful tips for identifying burnout and mental health decline as well as ways to maintain mental wellness amidst adversity and significant stress. We at Emergency Medical Minute know many of our listeners are on the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic. We…

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Podcast 559: Metabolic Acidosis

Contributor: Dylan Luyten, MD Educational Pearls Acidosis can be caused by a respiratory, metabolic, or mixed source A respiratory acidosis will have a low serum pH and elevated bicarbonate if it’s chronic, but most importantly end tidal CO2 or arterial CO2 will be high.   With a metabolic acidosis we expect to see a low serum…

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Podcast 558:  Rapid ARDS Review

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a catch all term for when lung injury leads to fluid collection in the air spaces of the lungs  Ventilatory management in ARDS patients involves lower FiO2 and PEEP than other patients and relies on lung protective ventilation strategies to prevent barotrauma Proning…

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COVID-19 Digest: Strokes in Young People with COVID

Host: Elizabeth Esty, MD Last week we looked at neurologic presentations of COVID-19; this week we’ll look more closely at strokes in young people with COVID. A letter published 2 days ago in the NEJM with lead author Thomas Oxley, the Neuro ICU director at Mt Sinai, presents five case studies of relatively young patients…

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Podcast 557: COVID-19 Lab Trends

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: COVID-19 is diagnosed with a nasopharyngeal swab (q-tip). This unfortunately can be painful, but if the swab doesn’t go deep into the nasal cavity the sample can be inadequate leading to false negatives (missed infections). The sensitivity of the COVID-19 RT PCR test is low, ranging from 66-80% in…

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Podcast 556:  CSF – What is it good for?

Contributor: Eric Miller, MD Educational Pearls: A cell count is performed on tubes 1 and 4 to account for changes that may occur from blood entering the first sample from the needle insertion Tube 2 and 3 are usually used for the other studies like protein levels, glucose levels and gram staining  Protein levels are…

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Podcast #555:  Anticoagulation vs. Antiplatelet

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: When do we give antiplatelet drugs or anti-coagulation drugs? Arterial issues get antiplatelet therapy Venous issues, or slow flow states, get anticoagulation therapy. High flow areas (arteries) are more prone to platelet clotting while the venous system is more prone to allowing blockages caused by coagulation factors. The main…

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COVID-19 Digest: Neurological Manifestations of COVID-19

Host: Elizabeth Esty, MD Accumulating clinical evidence suggests that many patients with COVID have neurological symptoms and that some may even present with neurologic manifestations of the disease. Most COVID patients have a cough, respiratory distress, and while clinicians often speak about how similar the presentations of patients with respiratory COVID are, it’s worth looking…

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