COVID-19 Digest: Do NSAIDs Make COVID-19 More Severe? (Recorded 3/30/20, 18:00 MST) - The Emergency Medical Minute

COVID-19 Digest: Do NSAIDs Make COVID-19 More Severe? (Recorded 3/30/20, 18:00 MST)

Host: Elizabeth Esty, MD

In the past two weeks, warnings, questions, and misinformation concerning COVID-19 and NSAID use have been spreading…no pun intended..virally. The pace of this evolving pandemic and the equally quick pace of the news and social media news cycle have meant that information and misinformation travel equally fast. Today we bring to you the story of how a letter in The Lancet led to a world of confusion.

Research By: Elizabeth Esty & Nathan Novotny

Sound Editing By: Stephen Bahmani

Time Stamps:

0:00 – COVID-19 Statistics

2:55 – The Lancet Letter: What Started the Rumor

4:10 – ACE Inhibitors & ARB’s

5:00 – What The Lancet Letter Got Wrong

6:25 – Treatment of HTN and DM in China vs. the U.S.

9:13 – Do ACE Inhibitors Actually Increase ACE-2 Expression?

11:00 – The French Ministry of Health and Their Warning About NSAIDs

14:09 – Misinformation in the Age of COVID-19

15:09 – Potential Harms of Tylenol Use

16:11 – The Need for High-Quality Science to Overcome COVID-19

References:

  1. Fang L, Karakiulakis G, Roth M. Are patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus at increased risk for COVID-19 infection? The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. March 2020:S2213260020301168. doi:10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30116-8
  2. Kane S. Ibuprofen – Drug Usage Statistics, ClinCalc DrugStats Database. ClinCalc DrugStats Database. https://clincalc.com/DrugStats/Drugs/Ibuprofen. Published December 23, 2019. Accessed March 30, 2020.
  3. Hoffmann M, Kleine-Weber H, Schroeder S, et al. SARS-CoV-2 Cell Entry Depends on ACE2 and TMPRSS2 and Is Blocked by a Clinically Proven Protease Inhibitor. Cell. March 2020. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2020.02.052
  4. Lu J, Lu Y, Wang X, et al. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in China: data from 1·7 million adults in a population-based screening study (China PEACE Million Persons Project). The Lancet. 2017;390(10112):2549-2558. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32478-9
  5. Wang Zengwu, Chen Zuo, Zhang Linfeng, et al. Status of Hypertension in China. Circulation. 2018;137(22):2344-2356. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.117.032380
  6. Hu C, Jia W. Diabetes in China: Epidemiology and Genetic Risk Factors and Their Clinical Utility in Personalized Medication. Diabetes. 2018;67(1):3-11. doi:10.2337/dbi17-0013
  7. Yuan H, Li X, Wan G, et al. Type 2 diabetes epidemic in East Asia: a 35-year systematic trend analysis. Oncotarget. 2018;9(6). doi:10.18632/oncotarget.22961
  8. Woo KS, Nicholls MG. High prevalence of persistent cough with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors in Chinese. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1995;40(2):141-144.
  9. Chen X, Hu W, Ling J, et al. Hypertension and Diabetes Delay the Viral Clearance in COVID-19 Patients. medRxiv. March 2020:2020.03.22.20040774. doi:10.1101/2020.03.22.20040774
  10. Perico L, Benigni A, Remuzzi G. Should COVID-19 Concern Nephrologists? Why and to What Extent? The Emerging Impasse of Angiotensin Blockade. NEF. March 2020:1-9. doi:10.1159/000507305
  11. Qiao Y, Shin J-I, Chen TK, et al. Association Between Renin-Angiotensin System Blockade Discontinuation and All-Cause Mortality Among Persons With Low Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate. JAMA Intern Med. March 2020. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0193
  12. The Local. UPDATE – Coronavirus: French health minister and WHO issue warning over taking anti-inflammatories. https://www.thelocal.fr/20200314/coronavirus-french-health-minister-issues-warning-over-anti-flammatories. Published March 14, 2020. Accessed March 30, 2020.
  13. ScienceAlert. Updated: WHO Now Doesn’t Recommend Avoiding Ibuprofen For COVID-19 Symptoms. https://www.sciencealert.com/who-recommends-to-avoid-taking-ibuprofen-for-covid-19-symptoms. Accessed March 30, 2020.
  14. European Medicines Agency. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). https://www.ema.europa.eu/en/human-regulatory/overview/public-health-threats/coronavirus-disease-covid-19#advice-on-using-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-medicines-such-as-ibuprofen–section. Published March 18, 2020.
  15. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. FDA advises patients on use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for COVID-19. https://www.fda.gov/drugs/drug-safety-and-availability/fda-advises-patients-use-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-covid-19. Published March 19, 2020.
  16. BBC Reality Check team and BBC Monitoring. Coronavirus and ibuprofen: Separating fact from fiction. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/51929628. Published March 17, 2020.
  17. Mosbergen D. Tylenol Overdose Risk Is Staggering; Acetaminophen Safeguards Remain Insufficient: Report. HuffPost. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/tylenol-overdose_n_3976991. Published September 24, 2013.

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