Toxicology Archives - Page 3 of 8 - The Emergency Medical Minute

Toxicology

Podcast # 440 : Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Author: Katie Sprinkle, MD Educational Pearl:   Carbon monoxide (CO) is the leading cause of death from poison world-wide CO forms from the combustion of any carbon based product Patients often present with non specific symptom like headache, vomiting, and malaise Consider this diagnosis with multiple people presenting with similar symptoms from a single location…

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Podcast #394: Myths of Medication Assisted Treatment

Author: Katie Sprinkle, MD Educational Pearls: Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) is the treatment of addiction with medications, commonly used for opioid use disorders A long held belief is MAT simply replaces one addiction for another, which is patently false MAT is one of the most affective methods to treat a patient with opioid addiction Unfortunately,…

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Podcast #378: Is That a Brown Recluse Spider Bite?

Author:  Michael Hunt, MD Educational Pearls: Use the mnemonic NOT RECLUSE to rule out a brown recluse spider bite: Numerous bites (recluse spiders will bite once) Occurence (recluse bites between April- October) Timing (recluse spiders are… get this…  reclusive) Red (recluse bites are white/pale) Elevated (recluse bites are flat) Chronic (recluse bites are acute) Large…

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Podcast #376: Alcohol Intoxication

Educational Pearls: Blood concentrations over 0.4 mg/dL  is associated with respiratory depression and possible death in alcohol naive patients Alcohol overdose accounts to 2,200 deaths per year Don’t forget about checking for hypoglycemia in severe alcohol intoxication Consider ketamine for agitation to prevent further respiratory depression   Editor’s note: check out our podcast on ketamine…

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Podcast # 369: Five powerful toxins – the definitive list?

Author: Michael Hunt, MD Educational Pearls: Here is a list of some very toxic natural substances: #5: Tetrodotoxin: Found in pufferfish and other aquatic species #4: Ricin: made from castor beans #3: Mercury: natural element absorbable through skin and gloves #2: Batrachotoxin: found on poison dart frogs #1: Botulinum toxin: produced by Clostridium botulinum and…

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Podcast # 363: Ketamine for Alcohol Withdrawal

Educational Pearls: Recent study has shown adjunctive ketamine can be useful in setting of alcohol withdrawal. Ketamine was associated with a decrease in the amount of benzodiazepines needed, likelihood of intubation, and a decrease in ICU length of stay by 3 days. For patients with benzodiazepine resistance, ketamine was shown to have symptom relief in…

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Podcast # 362: Giant Hogweed

Author: John Winkler, MD Educational Pearls: Tall flowering plant with phototoxic sap Direct skin contact with the sap can cause the skin to become photosensitive Severe blisters and even burns can result References Diebel, Matthew (18 June 2018). “Giant Hogweed, a Plant That Can Cause Burns and Blindness, Found in Virginia”. USA Today.

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Podcast # 343: Snake Bites

Educational Pearls: Snake bites commonly occur between April and October. Rattlesnake bites are the most common. Venom contains proteins/enzymes that cause local inflammation, coagulopathy, and systemic effects (hypotension, angioedema, renal failure, etc.) along with neurotoxins may cause fasciculations, ptosis, drooling, or hyporeflexia. Management: Mark site for swelling. Monitor progression. Elevate and immobilize injured limb and…

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Podcast #316: Abnormalities in Alcohol Intoxication

Author: Michael Hunt, M.D. Educational Pearls: 1% of patients presenting to ED with alcohol intoxication end up going to the ICU. Most common critical illnesses were acute hypoxic respiratory failure, sepsis, and intracranial hemorrhage. Predictive markers: Vital abnormalities (hypoxia, tachycardic, tachypneic, hypothermic, hyperthermia, hypoglycemia) and patients receiving parenteral sedatives had higher incidence of ICU admission….

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Podcast #296: Synthetic Cannabinoids

Author: Rachael Duncan, PharmD Educational Pearls A NEJM study report in July 2016 discussed a situation in New York during which 30 people became “zombie-like” after ingesting synthetic cannabinoids (aka “Spice). The ER managed to coordinate with the CDC to evaluate  blood samples from 18 patients who were transported to the hospital. Of those who…

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