Pharmacology

Podcast #296: Synthetic Cannabinoids

Author: Rachael Duncan, PharmD Educational Pearls A NEJM study report in July 2016 discussed a situation in New York during which 30 people became “zombie-like” after ingesting synthetic cannabinoids (aka “Spice). The ER managed to coordinate with the CDC to evaluate  blood samples from 18 patients who were transported to the hospital. Of those who…

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Podcast #296: Synthetic Cannabinoids

Podcast #289: Cannabinoid Hyperemesis

Author: Dylan Luyten, M.D. Educational Pearls Cannabinoid Hyperemesis syndrome is a relatively new diagnosis that presents with vomiting and abdominal pain without a clear etiology in the setting of daily marijuana use. The pathophysiology is not well-understood well, but may involve cannabinoid receptors in the gut. Treatment is abstinence from marijuana, fluids, dextrose, and antiemetics…

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Podcast #289: Cannabinoid Hyperemesis

Podcast #265: The 2017 Flu Vaccine

Author: Rachel Beham, PharmD, Advanced Clinical Pharmacist – Emergency Medicine Educational Pearls CDC recommends using the inactivated, injectable flu vaccine in those 6 months and older. The live attenuated vaccine is not used because of low efficacy. Pregnant women should be vaccinated, and can receive the vaccine at any stage of their pregnancy. The vaccine…

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Podcast #265: The 2017 Flu Vaccine

Podcast #263: Early Antibiotics in Sepsis

Author: JP Brewer, M.D. Educational Pearls After the first hour, every 1 hour delay in antibiotics in a patient with septic shock patient is associated with a 4% increase in mortality. In patients with high suspicion for septic shock (fever and hypotension), antibiotics should be initiated ASAP. Rocephin (ceftriaxone) should be used for those with community-acquired…

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Podcast #263: Early Antibiotics in Sepsis

Podcast #261: Icatibant

Author: Aaron Lessen, M.D. Educational Pearls Icatibant was introduced to treat ACE-inhibitor induced angioendema. This type of angioedema is refractory to epinephrine and antihistamines, and is likely mediated by elevated bradykinin.(which is inactivated by ATII and ACE). Icatibant initially was shown to reduce facial swelling and airway obstruction in the setting of ACE-I angioedema, but…

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Podcast #261: Icatibant

Podcast #256: Fentanyl Ingestion

Authors: Don Stader, M.D & Rachael Duncan, PharmD BCPS BCCCP Educational Pearls Fentanyl patches may be abused in many ways, including changing the patches more frequently, chewing them, extracting the fentanyl in a tea, and administering them rectally. Fentanyl is very lipophilic and has a fast onset, but it has a very low bioavailability when given…

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Podcast #256: Fentanyl Ingestion

Deep Dive #6: Bacteriuria and the Elderly

Author: Heidi Wald, MD, MSPH  Associate Professor of Medicine – University of Colorado School of Medicine, Physician Advisor – Colorado Hospital Association Dr. Heidi Wald explains common misconceptions of UTI’s in elderly patients and provides tips on how to properly identify them. References: Trestioreanu , Adi Lador , May-Tal Sauerbrun-Cutler and Leonard Leibovici  Antibiotics for asymptomatic bacteriuria  Cochrane…

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Deep Dive #6: Bacteriuria and the Elderly

Podcast #250: Desmopressin

Author: Rachael Duncan, PharmD BCPS BCCCP Educational Pearls Desmopressin is an ADH mimetic and helps retain water, release von Willibrand Factor (in high doses), and treat diabetes insipidus (in low doses). It can also be used in renal colic, because it may reduce muscle spasm in the ureters. The dosing for renal colic is very small…

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Podcast #250: Desmopressin

 

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