Medical Minute

Podcast # 486: Morel Mushrooms

Contributor: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: True morel mushrooms are commonly foraged The false morel mushroom (Gyromitra esculenta) looks similar to the true morel, but is toxic False morel mushroom toxicity can cause gastrointestinal symptoms as well as liver failure, rhabdomyolysis, and seizures Seizures can be refractory to benzodiazepine therapy and may require use of…

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Podcast # 486: Morel Mushrooms

Podcast # 485: Cerebellar Stroke

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Cerebellar strokes make up a disproportionate number of missed or delayed diagnosis for stroke likely due to the subtle nature of the presentation Cerebellar strokes can present with vomiting, dizziness, and ataxia.  Unlike anterior circulation stroke, exam findings in a cerebellar stroke are ipsilateral to the lesion  On neuro…

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Podcast # 485: Cerebellar Stroke

Podcast # 484: Elevated ICP

Contributor: Charleen Gnisci, PharmD Educational Pearls: Causes of increased intracranial pressure may include intracranial hemorrhage, malignancy, and trauma.  While definite treatment is to remove the offending cause, there are emergency medicine   Non-pharmacologic methods include elevating head of bed and removing noxious stimuli Pharmacologic options include mannitol and hypertonic saline Hypertonic saline is best delivered through…

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Podcast # 484: Elevated ICP

Podcast # 483: Dual Antiplatelet Therapy in TIA

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Antiplatelets include Aspirin and Clopidogrel, and are generally used for arterial clotting (MI, stroke) Anticoagulants such as Coumadin, Xarelto, Eliquis are generally used for venous clotting (DVT/PE) Growing data suggests that dual antiplatelet therapy (Aspirin+Clopidogrel) is superior to aspirin alone in reducing stroke for diagnosed with TIA References: Kheiri…

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Podcast # 483: Dual Antiplatelet Therapy in TIA

Podcast # 482: Tetracyclines and Hyperpigmentation 

Contributor: Michael Hunt, MD Educational Pearls: Tetracycline antibiotics such as minocycline can cause greyish hyperpigmentation This hyperpigmentation can sometimes be reversible but not always Minocycline has been used for its effects in autoimmune and neurological diseases, where it is  often taken chronically, which can lead to increased pigmentation   References La Placa M, Infusino SD, Balestri…

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Podcast # 482: Tetracyclines and Hyperpigmentation 

Podcast # 481: Medical Errors and Cognitive Bias

Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: While there are many different types of medical error, one of the most common errors in emergency medicine is failure to diagnose Systematic error in thinking that negatively affects judgement Medical errors are often driven by cognitive biases, which include anchoring, attribution, and availability   Anchoring bias occurs when…

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Podcast # 481: Medical Errors and Cognitive Bias

Podcast # 480: Inhalant Abuse

Author: Sam Killian, MD Educational Pearls: Abuse occurs by breathing in volatile substances such as solvents, glues, paints, butane, and propane Inhalants are generally depressants Estimated that 100-125 people die every year in the US from acute inhalant abuse. Short-term effects include memory impairment, slurred speech, diplopia, seizures, and cardiac arrhythmias Long term effects include…

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Podcast # 480: Inhalant Abuse

Podcast # 479: Clots and Pregnancy

Author:  Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: Pregnancy is a hypercoagulable state, which predisposes women to venous thromboembolism, but also elevates levels of circulating d-dimer A recent study evaluated the YEARS protocol in combination of adjusted d-dimer cutoffs in pregnant women to evaluate for DVT and PE Using this protocol, only 1 DVT was missed. No…

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Podcast # 479: Clots and Pregnancy

 

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