Medical Minute Archives - Page 3 of 57 - The Emergency Medical Minute

Medical Minute

Podcast 557: COVID-19 Lab Trends

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: COVID-19 is diagnosed with a nasopharyngeal swab (q-tip). This unfortunately can be painful, but if the swab doesn’t go deep into the nasal cavity the sample can be inadequate leading to false negatives (missed infections). The sensitivity of the COVID-19 RT PCR test is low, ranging from 66-80% in…

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Podcast 556:  CSF – What is it good for?

Contributor: Eric Miller, MD Educational Pearls: A cell count is performed on tubes 1 and 4 to account for changes that may occur from blood entering the first sample from the needle insertion Tube 2 and 3 are usually used for the other studies like protein levels, glucose levels and gram staining  Protein levels are…

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Podcast #555:  Anticoagulation vs. Antiplatelet

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: When do we give antiplatelet drugs or anti-coagulation drugs? Arterial issues get antiplatelet therapy Venous issues, or slow flow states, get anticoagulation therapy. High flow areas (arteries) are more prone to platelet clotting while the venous system is more prone to allowing blockages caused by coagulation factors. The main…

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Podcast 554: Sleeping Away Alzheimer’s

Contributor: Dave Rosenberg, MD Educational Pearls: White noise is all the surrounding sound frequencies mixed together that your brain tunes down so you don’t get distracted while you’re sleeping Pink noise, or deep soothing noises, is the accentuated bass sounds like falling rain or waves crashing your brain keys into while sleeping. Brain electrical waves…

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Podcast 553: Airway Management in the Hypoxic COVID-19 Patient(Recorded 4/3/20)

Contributor: Dylan Luyten, MD Educational pearls: Clinical management of COVID-19 is rapidly evolving, relying on case reports and clinical experience In just a month, the consensus around management of COVID patients with severe hypoxia has shifted from an early intubation strategy to other, non-invasive means Intubating early can quickly consume ventilator resources, require increased intensive…

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Podcast 552: PE Management and Risk Stratification

Contributor: Dylan Luyten, MD Educational Pearls: After you diagnose a pulmonary embolism (PE) via CT or VQ scan, we need to categorize the PE as massive, sub-massive, or just PE to dictate treatment.   Massive PE: shock with hypotension due to an embolism, and the treatment of choice is thrombolysis with IV tPA with anticoagulation after…

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Podcast 551:  PPIs are Not Benign

  Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: PPIs (Proton pump inhibitors) reduce stomach acid levels and are commonly prescribed in patients with GERD or peptic ulcer disease Stopping a PPI after sustained use for a month or longer can lead to withdrawal – causing a rebound indigestion or reflux due to a surge in acid…

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Podcast 550: Good ol’ Versed

Contributor: Sam Killian, MD Educational Pearls: Agitation can be due to a number of causes, but regardless of the cause, sedation often plays a key role in patient and provider safety. But what is the best sedative agent? A study looked at control of agitation with intramuscular medication. Specifically, 5 different IM sedative agents were…

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Podcast 549:  Just Use Epineprhine

Contributor: Sam Killian, MD Educational Pearls: Classic dogma teaching that epinephrine should not be used in the fingers, nose, penis, and toes when performing local anesthesia due to concerns for ischemia is wrong This has been well documented in multiple literature reviews A prospective, randomized double-blind study compared lidocaine vs lidocaine with epinephrine for finger…

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Podcast 548:  Adrenal Crisis

Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of enzyme deficiencies in the adrenals leading to a deficiency of hormones normally synthesized by the adrenals (mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, androgens) 21-hydroxylase is most commonly the deficient enzyme. 21-hydroxylase is needed to produce aldosterone and cortisol, and those with chronic cortisol deficiencies need…

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