Author: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Abstinence from substances such as tobacco or alcohol are effective strategies to achieve long term sobriety However, abstinence is not an effective strategy for achieving sobriety with opiate use disorder (OUD) Up to 90% of those who use an abstinence-only strategy for OUD will relapse within a month. Attending…Read More
Author: Rachel Beham, PharmD Educational Pearls: There are currently many Ebola vaccines that are being studied, and one (recombinant VZV-Ebola vaccine) is currently being used in Africa. This vaccine has so far shown good efficacy in reducing Ebola infections and mortality from Ebola in those who do become infected. There are antibody-based treatments that are…Read More
Podcast 511: Ebola Treatment
Author: John Winkler, MD Educational Pearls: There is a new outbreak of Ebola in The Congo. This is likely due to civil war and rebel attacks on healthcare workers in the area. Ebola is now spreading from the Congo into neighboring Uganda, but vaccination efforts are staving off the spread across the border Early symptoms…Read More
Podcast # 510: Ebola
Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Sleep deprivation and disturbed sleep cycles increases the risk of many acute and chronic medical issues such as motor vehicle accidents, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, psychiatric disease, and shift work sleep disorder (difficulty sleeping, fatigue, interference with daily activities) Stages of sleep Stage 1: 5-10 minutes (light sleep, may not…Read More
Podcast 509: Circadian Rhythm and Shift Work, From Z to Z
Contributor: Chris Holmes, MD Educational Pearls: In ancient Egypt, pregnant women would urinate over barley and wheat seeds to help determine the sex of thier fetus, as well as if they were pregnant. Amazingly, this has 70% accuracy (!!) for determining pregnancy (not sex). Piss Prophets in the middle ages would examine urine for changes…Read More
Podcast 508: Are you with child?
Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Communication proves time and time again to be most helpful in preventing surprises after patient admission Frequent re-evaluations and repeat vital signs can be important to evaluating a patient’s risk for deterioration once admitted as well as selecting the proper level of care at admission Broad categories of patients…Read More
Podcast 507: Who gonna crump?
Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Seymour fracture is an eponym for a Salter-Harris I/II fracture of the distal phalanx of the finger or toe in children, associated with a nailbed injury These may present and subtle as a subungal hematoma with a fracture on x-ray but carry a significant risk of complications While in…Read More
Podcast 506: Seymour Fracture
Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Only 10% of patients receiving antibiotics for strep throat actually have the diesease Treatment of strep with antibiotics only slightly reduces the duration of illness. Most studies say the reduction is between 16 and 24 hours Antibiotic treatment may reduce complications such as peritonsilar abscess and otitis media but…Read More
Podcast 505: Sleep on Strep Throat
Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: The eye is surrounded by relatively inflexible tissues such as the bone of the orbit and the fibrous tissue of the eye. This makes it relatively susceptible to damage from outside compression, which is most common from trauma. This phenomenon is called ocular compartment syndrome (OCS) Look for OCS…Read More