Medical Minute Archives - The Emergency Medical Minute

Medical Minute

Podcast 568: Shock ‘em! 

Contributor: John Winkler, MD Educational Pearls: Unstable ventricular tachycardia (VT) typically manifests with syncope, shortness of breath, diaphoresis and/or chest pain with hemodynamic instability Electrical cardioversion of unstable ventricular tachycardia is first line treatment Starting with a higher energy level (or just using the maximum) when performing cardioversion may set you up for better success…

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Podcast 567: Mechanical CPR….Not So Fast

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Mechanical CPR (machine assisted compression devices) remains a hot topic of debate in emergency medicine Machine assisted CPR has been advocated to provide more consistent compressions in cardiac arrest and free up staff for other tasks. However, multiple studies have shown mechanical CPR provides no significant survival benefit yet…

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Podcast 566:  The Cholera Pandemic

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Cholera has been responsible for 6 previous global pandemics and currently the world is in the seventh pandemic of cholera, ongoing since 1961. Cholera originated in the Ganges Delta of India and spread worldwide but largely is unseen in the US and other developed countries due to water sanitation…

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Podcast 565: Cesarean Scar Pregnancies

Contributor: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: A cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy occurs when the pregnancy implants along the scar tissue deep in the myometrium from a prior cesarean surgery, felt to be precipitated by a small fissure or fistula residual in the scar Diagnosis can be challenging and ultrasound may not clearly show this type…

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Podcast 564:  Cardiac Ischemia Management Update

Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Recent randomized controlled trial compared early intervention (PCI/CABG) to medical management for those diagnosed with moderate to severe cardiac ischemia on stress testing Primary outcome was a composite of death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, or hospitalization for unstable angina, heart failure, or resuscitated cardiac arrest Secondary outcome was…

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Podcast 563:  DC ACs

Contributor: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: An AC (acromioclavicular joint) separation in the shoulder is a common traumatic injury XRs can help rule out other injuries as well as help with grading the injury There are six different grades for AC separations: Grade I: is stretching of the AC ligament without disruption or displacement of…

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Podcast 562:  COVID-19 Occlusions*

*(A shorter and more clinically focused follow up piece to our COVID Digest released on 5/1/20) Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Case series reported 5 cases of generally young and healthy patients with COVID-19 who presented to the ER with acute stroke Now several case series showing cardiovascular involvement or complications related to COVID-19…

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Podcast 561:  Give Bup

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Buprenorphine has been shown to decrease morbidity and mortality in opioid use disorder Buprenorphine used in naloxone-induced withdrawals can displace naloxone at opioid receptors, leading to reduced withdrawal symptoms and lessen the chance of using after discharge Patients in acute withdrawal due to naloxone after an overdose should be…

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Podcast 560: Imaging in a COVID world

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: COVID-19 commonly appears as a bilateral patchy infiltrate on chest radiograph, but this is a non-specific finding  Sensitivities range from 17-70% for COVID-19 Many other viral pneumonias such as RSV and influenza can have similar findings Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) demonstrates B-lines, water-fall sign, or hepatization of the lung, but…

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Podcast 559: Metabolic Acidosis

Contributor: Dylan Luyten, MD Educational Pearls Acidosis can be caused by a respiratory, metabolic, or mixed source A respiratory acidosis will have a low serum pH and elevated bicarbonate if it’s chronic, but most importantly end tidal CO2 or arterial CO2 will be high.   With a metabolic acidosis we expect to see a low serum…

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