Medical Minute Archives - The Emergency Medical Minute

Medical Minute

Podcast 586:  Toxic Shock Syndrome

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare cause of shock typically caused by Staph aureus or Strep pyogenes, that produces a toxin that leads to rapid onset hypotension with a diffuse erythematous rash. Signs of TSS may include rapid onset of altered mental status, dizziness, nausea, abdominal discomfort, hypotension,…

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Podcast 585:  You Sure You Want Colchicine for Gout?

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Gout is an arthritis caused by the deposition of urate crystals into the joint space Colchicine works by disrupting microtubules and prevents white blood cells from getting into the joint space which stops the inflammatory response  Colchicine has a high rate of adverse events, in particular explosive diarrhea The…

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Podcast 582: Gadolinium – The Contrast of MRI

Contributor: Michael Hunt, MD Educational Pearls: Contrast agents are commonly used for X-rays and CT’s to better characterize disease, but contrast doesn’t work with MRI. That’s where the element Gadolinium comes into play. Gadolinium, element 64, is ferromagnetic (attracted to iron) below 68 degrees and above that temperature it’s paramagnetic which makes it useful in…

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Podcast 581:  Alcohol Complications

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Altered mental status/confusion are major symptoms associated with both alcohol use and withdrawal. Wernicke’s encephalopathy is a triad of symptoms of confusion, internuclear ophthalmoplegia, and confabulation The treatment for Wernicke’s is IV thiamine or vitamin B1 Untreated Wernicke’s leads to Korsakoff’s syndrome where a prolonged thiamine deficiency leads to…

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Podcast 580:  Origin of PPE  

Contributor: Michael Hunt, MD Educational Pearls: PPE, or personal protective equipment, has become a major talking point since the emergence of the novel coronavirus (COVID 19). While ubiquitous now, there was not always equipment to protect health care providers or patients from infectious exposures. The invention of  surgical gloves are credited to surgeon William Halsted….

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Podcast 579:  Yersinia Pestis

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Yersinia Pestis is the bacteria that caused the black plague. It was first discovered to be the cause of the bubonic plague in 1800s in China during the 3rd bubonic plague where 10-20 million people died Causes 3 types of plague: Bubonic plague: characterized by severe swelling of lymph…

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Podcast 578: Brown-Sequard Syndrome 

Author: Eric Miller, MD Educational Pearls: Brown-Sequard Syndrome is a neurological deficit that results from hemisection of the spinal cord  This is usually from traumatic injury (blunt or penetrating), but can rarely be seen with cancer, disc herniation, or infection It presents with flaccid paralysis and loss of sensation to touch/vibration/position on the same side…

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Podcast 577:  Immunotherapies

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Checkpoint inhibition normally helps our body detect abnormal cells and terminate it but cancerous cells often are able to avoid this countermeasure Monoclonal antibodies that bind to checkpoint inhibitors can stop cancerous cells from turning off immunologic T cells and allows the immune system to continue to attack cancers….

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Podcast 576: Status Epilepticus Drugs

Author: Charlene Gnisci Melton, PharmD Educational Pearls: Status Epilepticus is defined as continuous seizure activity for >5 minutes, or 2 or more seizures without full return to consciousness between events Status epilepticus is a true neurologic emergency with significant morbidity and mortality Aggressive, early treatment of status epilepticus is essential as GABA receptors will regress…

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 Podcast 575:  Light on the Sedation

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Studies have shown that patients who are under deeper sedation in the ICU have worse outcomes. Recent study compared lighter vs heavier sedation of patients in the emergency department receiving mechanical ventilation Patients receiving lighter sedation in the ED were often continued in the ICU Patients who had lighter…

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