Medical Minute

Podcast 544: C is for Sepsis

  Author: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Previously, trials had shown promising evidence that vitamin C may improve mortality rates in patients with sepsis or septic shock.   A 2017 retrospective before-after study gave a “cocktail” of hydrocortisone, vitamin C, and thiamine to patients with severe sepsis or in septic shock and reported a decrease in…

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Podcast 543: Scoring Blunt Traumatic Aortic Injury

Author: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Aortic injury caused by blunt trauma is very rare Chest x-ray findings might include widening of the mediastinum Ligamentum arteriosum (remnant of the ductus arteriosus) tethers the aorta to the chest wall, potentially causing injury with abrupt decelerations and motion XR lacks significant sensitivity (around 75%) to be utilized…

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Podcast 542: Nasogastric Tubes

Author: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Nasogastric tubes (NGT) are very uncomfortable for all those involved but some simple tricks and tips may help: Topical lidocaine can be inserted into the nasal passage for local analgesia Afrin may help shrink the mucosal tissue of the nasal turbinates as well Molding the tube with cold/ice water…

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Podcast 541: Needle Thoracostomy

Author: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Traditional technique of needle thoracostomy for tension penumothorax is along the 2nd intercostal space at the midclavicular line Inserting a large angiocatheter along the 4th or 5th intercostal space at the mid-axillary line may provide a thinner area that is more easily identified, overcoming many of the obstacles of…

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Podcast 540:   Zyprexa 

Contributor:  Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Olanzapine (Zyprexa) is an atypical antipsychotic that can be used in a similar fashion to haloperidol for pain and nausea, including that with abdominal pain and headaches Olanzapine can be administered as an oral disolving tablets, intramuscular or intravenous injection Because Zyprexa is an atypical antipsychotic, it has a…

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Podcast 539:  Coricidin Abuse

Contributor:  Rachel Beham, PharmD Educational Pearls: Coricidin HBP Cough & Cold (dextromethorphan and chlorpheniramine) is one of the more commonly abused over-the-counter medications Dextromethorphan, binds to multiple receptors, particularly at high doses Opioid receptors, causing respiratory depression, CNS depression NMDA receptors, causing agitation and hallucinations Serotonin-reuptake inhibition, which may lead to serotonin syndrome, especially when…

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Podcast 538:  Low Maintenance Boxer’s Fracture

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: A distal 5th metacarpal neck fracture is often referred to as a “boxer’s fracture” and a common fracture encountered in the emergency department Splinting with an ulnar gutter splint is the typical management of uncomplicated boxer’s fractures A recent study randomized patients to buddy taping or ulnar gutter splint…

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Podcast 537:  Thoughts on Cardiac Arrest

Contributor:  Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: High-quality compressions are an essential, and probably one of the most important, part of cardiac arrest  Actual evidence for drugs in cardiac arrest included in ACLS are limited, including epinephrine, bicarbonate, amiodarone, etc. Early defibrillation for ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF) has a plethora of supporting evidence…

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Podcast 536:  Epistaxis 101

Contributor:  Dylan Luyten, MD Educational Pearls: Clear the nasal passages – have the patient, if stable, blow their nose to dislodge any clot that might be in the way Searching for the source of bleeding can be tough. Majority of anterior bleeding is from Kesselbach’s plexus Placing a clamp to provide direct pressure is a…

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Podcast 535: A Prescription for Falls

Contributor:  Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls:   Emergency department evaluation of falls, particularly in the elderly, should include an assessment of risk factors Common causes of falls in the elderly include medications. Review medication list for sedating medications amongst others Consult with your hospital physical therapist to discuss fall prevention techniques with the patient One…

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