Infectious Disease Archives - Page 3 of 9 - The Emergency Medical Minute

Infectious Disease

Podcast 544: C is for Sepsis

  Author: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Previously, trials had shown promising evidence that vitamin C may improve mortality rates in patients with sepsis or septic shock.   A 2017 retrospective before-after study gave a “cocktail” of hydrocortisone, vitamin C, and thiamine to patients with severe sepsis or in septic shock and reported a decrease in…

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Podcast 519: Malaria Drug Resistance 

Contributor: John Winkler Educational Pearls: There is increasing resistance to antimalarial drugs, especially in P. falciparum. This trend started with chloroquine, but is now spreading to the other first-line drugs.  Resistant strains have been identified in Cambodia and Thailand 220 million people were infected last year The best treatment of malaria is prevention from bites…

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Podcast 513: Plague

Author: John Winkler, MD Educational Pearls: The plague (black death) is caused by the Yersinia Pestis bacteria. This bacteria is spread by fleas and carried by rats. It is very contagious and only needs ~ 100 bacteria to cause an infection.  The pulmonary form presents with cough, fever, night sweats, hemoptysis and has a near…

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Podcast 511: Ebola Treatment 

Author: Rachel Beham, PharmD Educational Pearls: There are currently many Ebola vaccines that are being studied, and one (recombinant VZV-Ebola vaccine) is currently being used in Africa. This vaccine has so far shown good efficacy in reducing Ebola infections and mortality from Ebola in those who do become infected.  There are antibody-based treatments that are…

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Podcast # 510: Ebola

Author: John Winkler, MD Educational Pearls: There is a new outbreak of Ebola in The Congo. This is likely due to civil war and rebel attacks on healthcare workers in the area.  Ebola is now spreading from the Congo into neighboring Uganda, but vaccination efforts are staving off the spread across the border  Early symptoms…

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Podcast 505: Sleep on Strep Throat 

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Only 10% of patients receiving antibiotics for strep throat actually have the diesease Treatment of strep with antibiotics only slightly reduces the duration of illness. Most studies say the reduction is between 16 and 24 hours Antibiotic treatment may reduce complications such as peritonsilar abscess and otitis media but…

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Podcast # 489: Bats & Rabies

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: The CDC recommends rabies prophylaxis if there was a direct encounter with a possibly rabid animal except… Bats are treated differently since their bites may be very superficial and not seen/felt. All people with possible close encounters with a bat should receive rabies prophylaxis  From 1990-2007 there were 34…

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Podcast # 488: Dalbavancin

Contributor: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: Dalbavancin (Dalvance®) is an antibiotic that can be used for skin and soft tissue infections, providing MRSA coverage It cannot be used in other infections or sepsis Dalbavancin may be appealing as a single dose lasts about 2 weeks Expense is currently a large barrier to use Patients with…

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Podcast # 429: Oldschool Syphilis Treatment

Author: Chris Holmes, MD Educational Pearls: In WWI, the 2nd leading cause of soldier disability were STDs. An early treatment of syphilis included topical and inhaled mercury Bloodletting, vitriol, arsenic, and bismuth were other treatments for syphilis. Infecting patients with Malaria and treating the Malaria was also tried Thankfully penicillin was discovered for our syphilis…

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Podcast # 424: Hunting for Measles

Author: Mike Hunt, MD Educational Pearls: Measles is highly contagious and successfully infects 90% of those at risk exposed to the virus. 10 day prodrome where patients are asymptomatic. 3 day period of characteristic cough, coryza, conjunctivitis, fever and Koplick spots with a maculopapular rash that moves from head through trunk Infection risk extends three…

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