Infectious Disease Archives - The Emergency Medical Minute

Infectious Disease

Podcast 598: Sepsis, Round One

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Early antibiotics have been shown to improve outcomes in septic patients time after time Emerging evidence challenges the concept of one-size-fits-all large fluid boluses for septic shock patients and fluid may worsen patients who have underlying sepsis-induced pulmonary capillary leak Starting peripheral vasopressors early, and relaxing if fluid resuscitation…

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Pharmacy Phriday #2: Penicillin and Cephalosporin Allergies

The penicillin and cephalosporin drug classes include many first line drug options for infectious disease although high rates of self-reported allergies may cause physicians to seek alternative options. In part two of our dive into antibiotics use for infectious disease, listen as Dr. Rachael Duncan, Emergency Medicine Clinical Pharmacist, addresses the need to investigate the…

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Pharmacy Friday #1: Antibiotic Alternatives to Fluoroquinolones for Infectious Disease

Welcome to EMM’s first Pharmacy Friday where we dive deeper on a certain pharmacological topic as it pertains to emergency medicine. Dr. Rachael Duncan, Emergency Medicine Clinical Pharmacist, joins us today to talk about antibiotics use for infectious disease, specifically fluoroquinolones. Educational Pearls: Levofloxacin used to be relied upon heavily due to its multiple upsides…

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Podcast 579:  Yersinia Pestis

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Yersinia Pestis is the bacteria that caused the black plague. It was first discovered to be the cause of the bubonic plague in 1800s in China during the 3rd bubonic plague where 10-20 million people died Causes 3 types of plague: Bubonic plague: characterized by severe swelling of lymph…

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Coronavirus Testing

Coronavirus Testing Chief Complaint: SOB HPI: 43 year-old male anesthesiologist presents to the ED with increasing shortness of breath, tachycardia and lethargy. Patient reports alternating positive and negative COVID tests since early March, job related exposure, as well as travel to Belize and twice to Summit County (considered a hotspot for COVID) since early March….

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Podcast 566:  The Cholera Pandemic

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Cholera has been responsible for 6 previous global pandemics and currently the world is in the seventh pandemic of cholera, ongoing since 1961. Cholera originated in the Ganges Delta of India and spread worldwide but largely is unseen in the US and other developed countries due to water sanitation…

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COVID-19 Digest: The Possible Link Between Severe COVID-19 and Low Vitamin D Levels (Recorded 5/21/20)

Host: Elizabeth Esty, MD. At this point, with so many of the studies we’ve digested exploring correlations, associations, observational studies and anecdotal reports and speculation, we could subtitle the show: what we don’t know about COVID. And so, today, we’ll look at what we don’t know about Vitamin D and COVID. There have been a number of…

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COVID-19 Digest: Could Cigarette Smoking Actually be Protective Against COVID?

Host: Elizabeth Esty, MD. Smoking is known to increase both susceptibility and severity of all manner of colds and pneumonias, so you’d think the world’s 1.1 billion smokers would be at risk in this pandemic of what at first seemed to be a just a respiratory virus.  What’s more, tobacco smoking increases risk for COPD,…

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Podcast 562:  COVID-19 Occlusions*

*(A shorter and more clinically focused follow up piece to our COVID Digest released on 5/1/20) Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Case series reported 5 cases of generally young and healthy patients with COVID-19 who presented to the ER with acute stroke Now several case series showing cardiovascular involvement or complications related to COVID-19…

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COVID-19 Digest: Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) Vaccine for Treating COVID-19

Host: Elizabeth Esty, MD In the US, few people receive vaccination for tuberculosis (TB), a disease that hasn’t been a major killer here for many decades.  But while we in the US mostly experience TB as a relatively rare but real threat in its multidrug resistant form, particularly in patients with HIV–or in Victorian novels–TB…

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