ENT Archives - The Emergency Medical Minute

ENT

Podcast 542: Nasogastric Tubes

Author: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Nasogastric tubes (NGT) are very uncomfortable for all those involved but some simple tricks and tips may help: Topical lidocaine can be inserted into the nasal passage for local analgesia Afrin may help shrink the mucosal tissue of the nasal turbinates as well Molding the tube with cold/ice water…

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Podcast 536:  Epistaxis 101

Contributor:  Dylan Luyten, MD Educational Pearls: Clear the nasal passages – have the patient, if stable, blow their nose to dislodge any clot that might be in the way Searching for the source of bleeding can be tough. Majority of anterior bleeding is from Kesselbach’s plexus Placing a clamp to provide direct pressure is a…

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Podcast 525:  Enjoyable Epistaxis?

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: The ED is full of painful procedures. One of the most commonly dreaded procedures is nasal packing for epistaxis, as it is quite uncomfortable for the patient.  A recent study compared TXA with compression, saline with compression, and traditional nasal packing for the treatment of epistaxis.  Hemostasis was achieved…

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Podcast 505: Sleep on Strep Throat 

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Only 10% of patients receiving antibiotics for strep throat actually have the diesease Treatment of strep with antibiotics only slightly reduces the duration of illness. Most studies say the reduction is between 16 and 24 hours Antibiotic treatment may reduce complications such as peritonsilar abscess and otitis media but…

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Podcast # 487: Hunting for Epiglottitis

Contributor: Michael Hunt, MD Educational Pearls: Due to the efficacy of vaccination, epiglottitis is now more common in adults than children Risk factors include smoking and other immunocompromising co-morbidities, such as diabetes Epiglottitis can present with sore throat and fever, with potential rapid progression to respiratory distress and stridor Diagnosis can include x-ray to look…

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Podcast #397: Pharyngeal Trauma

Author: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Injuries from penetrating pharyngeal trauma  are often subtle on examination in children Potentially serious complications including carotid artery injury, mediastinitis from spreading infection, or airway compromise from hematoma formation Imaging choice is typically CTA to assess for vascular injuries These injuries may require antibiotics References:   Zonfrillo MR, Roy…

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Podcast #384: Don’t stab a PTA?

Author:  Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Recent study suggests we may not need to drain uncomplicated peritonsillar abscesses. Patients who received medical therapy alone had no difference in complications and failure compared to those who received surgical drainage plus medical therapy. Medical therapy in study was ceftriaxone, clindamycin, and dexamethasone. Medical therapy was also associated…

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Podcast # 358: Affordable ear drop alternatives

Educational Pearls: Otic (ear) specific antibiotic drops can be expensive Opthalmic (eye) versions are basically identical and can be used as an affordable substitute as many are on the $4 drug lists But don’t do the reverse (don’t use ear drops on the eye) Use caution when administering aminoglycoside if tympanic membrane rupture is present…

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Podcast #352: TXA for Epistaxis

Podcast #352: TXA for Epistaxis Author:  Chris Holmes, M.D. Educational Pearls: TXA: tranexamic acid; used in control of bleeding in major trauma, postpartum hemorrhage, etc. In study of 216 patients with epistaxis, TXA placed on a pledget was compared to anterior cotton nasal packing. The TXA group had faster time to bleeding control, quicker time…

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Podcast #245: Are You Listening? – 3 Ear Emergencies You Can’t Miss!

Author: Don Stader, M.D. Educational Pearls Ear pain is a common complaint in adults and kids. A red, hot, painful ear with involvement of the pinna could indicate perichondritis – an infection of the cartilage that is usually caused by pseudomonas. A painful, swollen ear with involvement of the mastoid process could be mastoiditis, which…

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