Current Events

Podcast #123:  Pediatric Oral Rehydration Therapy

Run Time: 3 minutes Author: Christopher Holmes M.D. Educational Pearls: For children with mild gastroenteritis, one option for treatment is oral rehydration therapy. This is ubiquitously used for children in third world countries as a staple therapy. A group in Canada, looked at 647 patients. Half were given half strength apple juice and half were…

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Podcast #106: An Update on Zika

Run Time: 4 minutes Author: Mark Kozlowski M.D. Educational Pearls: Zika is a virus that has been around for about 50 years, but became a public concern last year. Most people who contract Zika are asymptomatic, but sometimes people will develop flu-like symptoms including fever, rash, and joint pain. Women who are pregnant and contract…

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Podcast #96: BRUE in Infants

Run Time: 2 minutes Author: Dr. Suzanne Chilton Educational Pearls: The American Academy of Pediatrics changed terminology for ALTE – Apparent Life Threatening Event in infants. The new term is BRUE – Brief Resolved Unexplained Event, which is much less scary. These children are also now divided into high and low risk categories. BRUE encompasses any…

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Podcast #59: The Zika Virus

Run Time: 5 minutes Author: Dr. Suzanne Chilton Educational Pearls: Zika originated in 1947 in a Risus monkey in Uganda, the first human case was in 1952 – spread by the Aedea aeygpti and the Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. For adults symptoms are mild – maculopapular rash, conjunctivitis, fever, and joint pain for several days to a…

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Podcast #56: 420! A Marijuana Podcast

Run Time: 16 minutes Author: Dr. Donald Stader Educational Pearls: Marijuana originally is from Asia and first used medically in China in 2400 B.C. 3 active metabolites in Marijuana: THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), Cannabidiol, Cannabigerol. Cannabidiol at low concentrations helps nausea, but at high concentrations induces nausea and vomiting. Cannabigerol has a pro-nausea effect. One study shows…

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Podcast #51: Diverticulitis

Run Time: 3 minutes Author: Dr. Michael Hunt Educational Pearls: Diverticulitis is the inflammation of diverticula or projecting pockets coming off of the colon. 2-4% of the population have this and 15-30% have recurrences of diverticulitis. Most of these cases do not have any complications. Flagyl and ciprofloxacin are given normally to treat the infection…

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Podcast #45: No More NPO

Run Time: 3 minutes Author: Dr. Mark Kozlowski Educational Pearls: NPO or nil per os is a medical instruction meaning the patient should not have any food or drink orally. At Vanderbilt Medical Center, the nursing staff initiated a change in the NPO status from everyone has to be NPO to no one needs to be…

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Podcast #42: Andexanet for Xarelto?!

Run Time: 2 minutes Author: Rachael Duncan, PharmD BCPS Educational Pearls: Eliquis and Xarelto are oral anticoagulants that inhibit the clotting cascade. Currently prothrombin complex concentrate or PCC can be used to reverse the effects of Xarelto or Eliquis by overpowering the inhibition of the clotting cascade. Andexanet is a medication currently in phase III trials that is…

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Podcast #25: Care of a Transgender Patient

Run Time: 3 minutes Author: Dr. Mark Kozlowski Educational Pearls: There are 700,000 transgender people in US – 20-30% avoid coming to the ER because they feel uncomfortable in the ER and 25-30% are victims of some kind of abuse. It is important to refer to a transgender person by their preferred identity to improve…

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Podcast #7: Heroin Overdose and OTC Narcan

Run Time: 4 minutes Author: Dr. Donald Stader Educational Pearls: Mexico is number 2 in opium production in the world – Opioids now kill more people than car accidents in the United States. Heroine originally marketed as a less addictive form of Morphine – actually more addictive. 20 in 100,000 deaths in CO are due to…

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