Cardiovascular Archives - Page 11 of 12 - The Emergency Medical Minute

Cardiovascular

Podcast #76: HEART Score

Run Time: 12 minutes Author: Dr. Donald Stader Educational Pearls: The HEART Score is used to stratify low, medium, and high-risk chest pain patients. The score originated in Holland in 2008. HEART Score is now much more widely accepted than old scores such as TIMI & GRACE. Everything in the HEART Score is scored from…

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Podcast #64: Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation

Run Time: 6 minutes Author: Dr. Peter Bakes Educational Pearls: Causes of new onset of atrial fibrillation can be remember by the acronym ATRIAL FIB. A-alcohol T-Thyroid disease R-Rheumatic heart disease A-atrial myxoma L-Lung processes (PE, PNA, COPD) F-pheochromocytoma (it’s phonetic, don’t judge.) I-idiopathic B-blood condition (HTN) Anticoagulate the patient if they are a 2…

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Podcast #61: Permissive Hypotension

Run Time: 5 minutes Author: Dr. Martin O’Bryan Educational Pearls: Although ATLS indicates that you should be providing fluids and blood to hypotensive trauma patients to increase blood pressure, the patient has a higher risk of mortality with higher blood pressure. The increase in mortality is due to the dilution of the blood and the…

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Podcast #54: Prolonged QT/QTC

Run Time: 6 minutes Author: Dr. Eric Miller Educational Pearls: The QT interval is the time from the depolarization of the ventricle through the repolarization of the ventricle. Long QT increases the risk for dangerous dysrhythmias. The QTC – the corrected QT interval – abnormal is over 440ms for men and 460ms for women. Several…

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Podcast #53: PERC and WELLS Score for PE

Run Time: 4 minutes Author: Dr. Martin O’Bryan Educational Pearls: PERC Score: age >50, HR <100, O2 >95%, no history of PE or DVT, no recent trauma, no hemoptysis, no oral contraceptive, and no unilateral leg swelling. If all are negative then probability of a PE is under 2%. A WELLS Score of <4 =…

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Podcast #41: CHF from Aortic Stenosis

Run Time: 5 minutes Author: Dr. Peter Bakes Educational Pearls: Common symptoms for congestive heart failure (CHF) are dyspnea, lower extremity edema, and chest congestion. Right heart failure usually presents with JVD and pedal edema. Left heart failure usually presents with chest congestion with rales and rhonchi. A crescendo and decrescendo murmur on presentation indicates congestive…

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Podcast #39: Propranolol Overdose

Run Time: 4 minutes Author: Rachael Duncan, PharmD BCPS Educational Pearls: Propranolol overdose presents with bradycardia, hypotension, decreased activity, and decreased body temperature. Propranolol is a lipophilic beta-blocker. Appropriate reversal agents for overdose on propranolol are epinephrine, dopamine, glucagon, calcium, levophed, and an IV lipid sink to sequester the propranolol. In cardiogenic shock, the heart begins…

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Podcast #37: Aortic Rupture

Run Time: 4 minutes Author: Dr. Jared Scott Educational Pearls: The number first most common reason for sudden death after a motor vehicle accident is head injury, the second is traumatic aortic rupture. Due to the increased pressure of blood in the aorta, a rupture leads to rapid exsanguination. The most common location for a traumatic aortic…

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Podcast #36: Pulmonary Embolism in Pregnancy

Run Time: 4 minutes Author: Dr. Nicholas Hatch Educational Pearls: Risk of DVT and PE does go up with pregnancy and increases in each trimester. 1 in 50,000 people develop blood clots in the first trimester with 1 in 10,000 people developing blood clots in the second trimester. The risk for PE or DVT in pregnancy is…

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Podcast #35: Coumadin Reversal

Run Time: 3 minute Author: Dr. Samuel Killian Educational Pearls: 5 million people are on Coumadin. Coumadin is in the top 5 of most adverse events. 2 options for reversal in the ER: Vitamin K and FFP or vitamin K and 4 factor PCC. FFP is cheap but harder to use and takes longer –…

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