EMMadmin, Author at The Emergency Medical Minute

EMMadmin

Podcast 633: Pathologic Femur Fractures   

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Pathologic bone fractures occur due to weakened bones from chronic disease and with less force when compared to non-pathologic fractures Can be due to bone tumors, bone cysts, infections (osteomyelitis), osteogenesis imperfecta, Paget’s disease of bone, and multiple myeloma Have moth bitten or lytic appearance and you can sometimes…

Read More

Podcast 632: Neonatal Jaundice  

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Bilirubin is natural breakdown product of red blood cells but can be neurotoxic if levels become too high Fetal red blood cells are fragile and break down easier, leading to higher bilirubin levels in neonates  Immature livers and increased intestinal absorption from sterile bowels also contribute to elevated levels…

Read More

Pharmacy Phriday #7: Bactrim Adverse Events

Contributor: Cheyenne Bean, PharmD Educational Pearls: Bactrim (TMP-SMX) is a sulfa antibiotic used for a number of infections but can have untoward effects. Hypoglycemia can be induced by the sulfa component of Bactrim, which binds receptors in the pancreas causing insulin to be secreted, dropping blood sugar levels. Oral diabetic medications, specifically sulfonylureas, when taken…

Read More

Podcast 631: UK COVID-19 Variant

Contributor: Gretchen Hinson, MD Educational Pearls: Viruses mutate frequently and a new variant of COVID has been found in the United Kingdom. Mutations typically occur due to transcription errors during virus replication leading to slight changes in the virus which can alter its virulence, and this UK mutation has shown more infectivity. The UK variant…

Read More

Podcast 630: Evolution of an STEMI

Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: Hyperacute T waves can occur immediately and typical last less than an hour Hyperacute T waves are typically broader than peaked T-waves, which are associated with hyperkalemia ST elevation which usually starts within an hour of the inciting event and can last up to a few days, and often…

Read More

Podcast 629: Inferior STEMI

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: EKGs look at different angles, or vectors, of the heart’s electrical conduction as it travels through the heart. Knowing how to read these vectors is essential in diagnosing locations of cardiac pathologies  Leads II, III, and aVF follow an inferior path, so ST elevation in those leads indicates inferior…

Read More

Oh, You Weren’t Just Waving at Me?

Erect sHoulder Chief Complaint: Shoulder Pain HPI: 63 year old female presents after falling while walking down the stairs outside. She notes it was icy on the steps and was using the railing for support with her left hand. She states when she slipped that she tried to catch herself and all of her weight…

Read More

Podcast 628: ST Elevation

Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: STEMI criteria is not just 1mm elevation in contiguous leads 1.5 mm in V2-V3 for women 2.0 mm in V2-V3 for men 2.5 mm in V2-V3 for men under 40 Inferior MI typically have ST elevation in leads II, III and aVF Usually inferior MI’s show reciprocal changes (ST…

Read More

Podcast 627: Oxygen Like It’s Hot

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: High flow nasal cannula (HFNC) has become more utilized with COVID pandemic Multiple studies have shown this method improves both oxygenation and ventilation Newer studies have shown the respiratory benefit of HFNC  vs normal oxygen in patients suffering from CHF and those with do not intubate orders who are…

Read More

Pharmacy Phriday #6: Tik Tok Benadryl Challenge and Diphenhydramine Toxicity

Contributor: Ruben Marrero-Vasquez, PharmD Educational Pearls: ACEP and FDA have both issued warnings about the viral Tik Tok Benadryl (diphenhydramine) challenge where individuals voluntarily overdose on diphenhydramine which can cause fatal toxicity Diphenhydramine is typically dosed at 0.5-1 mg/kg in pediatric patients Q4-6 PRN and carries a fatal dose of 20-40 mg/kg but anywhere from…

Read More

 

Stay up to date by
joining our mailing list!